Collaborations Find out how to collaborate with RWSN

Total Results: 25 • Page 1 of 2

Start Year   End Year   Title

Writing Course for WASH Professionals Skat, WaterAid, SHARE, Waterlines Journal

Project start: 2012 • Project finished: -
Collaborators: RWSN, Skat, WaterAid, SHARE, Waterlines Journal
Funder: SHARE


The Challenge

Over 2.5 billion have no access to improved sanitation and 780 million people lack access to improved sources of drinking water, according to the WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme (2012). The numbers are staggering. The suffering is real. The challenge to overcome is immense. Success can only come through a combination of action and communication. Both are critical.
We have a vision where Water, Sanitation and Hy-giene (WASH) professionals are regularly sharing and learning – at all levels from districts to global networks. As a sector, we also need to reach out and communicate with wide range of audiences: politicians, policymakers, companies, water users, and the public in all countries.
We often have the content: experiences, data, pro-jects, methodologies and stories of success and failure. What we are often not great at is explaining ourselves to others in a way that leads to positive action.
We want to change that.

Women’s empowerment through rural water supply / Autonomisation des femmes par le biais d’activités d'approvisionnement en eau en milieu rural A practical guide / Un guide pratique / Una guía práctica

Project start: 2020 • Project finished:
Collaborators: RWSN Members from the Leave No-one Behind Community
Funder: SDC


This practical guide is the result of a consultation and co-creation process with members of the Rural Water Supply Network (RWSN). Engineers and gender experts have come together to overcome jargon barriers from their respective disciplines. This guide aims to pro-vide water specialists with the language and knowledge on how best to work with gender experts to build more transformative activities.

Ce guide pratique est le fruit d'un processus de concertation et de cocréation avec les membres du réseau d’approvisionnement en eau en milieu rural (Rural Water Supply Network, RWSN). Des ingénieurs et des spécialistes des questions de genre se sont réunis pour faire tomber les barrières du jargon de leurs disciplines respectives. Ce guide a pour but d'apporter aux spécialistes de l'eau le langage et les connaissances sur la meilleure façon de travailler avec des spécialistes des questions de genre pour élaborer des activités plus transformatrices.

Esta guía práctica es el resultado de un proceso de consulta y de co-creación con miembros de la Red Rural de Abastecimiento de Agua (RWSN). Ingenieros y expertos en género se han unido para superar las barreras que supone la jerga de sus respectivas disciplinas. Esta guía tiene como objetivo proporcionar a los especialistas en agua el lenguaje y el conocimiento sobre la mejor manera de trabajar con expertos en género para construir actividades más transformadoras.

Uptime: Delivering Reliability for 100 Million People by 2030 Temps de fonctionnement : Garantir la fiabilité à 100 millions de personnes d'ici 2030

Project start: • Project finished:
Collaborators: FundiFix, Water for Good, Water Mission, UDUMA, Whave, Oxford University
Funder: GIZ, Osprey Foundation


Uptime is a global consortium working to deliver drinking water services to millions of rural people through long-term, performance-based funding to achieve Sustainable Development Goal 6.1.

UPGro – African Groundwater 2020 Final report from Unlocking the Potential for Groundwater for the Poor

Project start: 2013 • Project finished: 2020
Collaborators: Skat Foundation, Richard Carter & Associates + research teams from across Africa and Europe.
Funder: UK's Department for International Development (DFID), Natural Environment Research Council (NERC) and in principle the Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC)


Unlocking the Potential of Groundwater for the Poor (UPGro), was a seven-year international research programme (2013-2020) which was jointly funded by UK’s Department for International Development (DFID), Natural Environment Research Council (NERC) and the Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC).

Nearly 200 of the world’s best researchers from more than 50 organisations across Africa and Europe were focused on improving the evidence base around groundwater availability and management in Sub-Saharan Africa. The goal has been to ensure that the hidden wealth of Africa’s aquifers benefit all citizens and the poorest in particular. UPGro projects have been interdisciplinary, linking the social and natural sciences to address this challenge

UN Groundwater Summit 2022 7-8 December 2022 | Pre-Summit events: 6 December 2022 UNESCO HQ in Paris, France

Project start: 2022 • Project finished: 2022
Collaborators: UN-Water


The UN-Water Summit on Groundwater will be the culminating event of the 2022 campaign “Groundwater: making the invisible visible”, implemented by the dedicated UN-Water Task Force, co-coordinated by UNESCO and the International Groundwater Resources Assessment Centre (IGRAC), on behalf of UN-Water. The main messages from the Summit will be conveyed to the United Nations 2023 Water Conference.

The REACH/RWSN 100 Million Initiative A Global Diagnostic of rural water service providers to inform results-based funding

Project start: 2020 • Project finished: 2030
Collaborators: REACH; Uptime Consortium; University of Oxford; other partners
Funder: Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office (FCDO)


Following the 100 Million Initiative global diagnostic study of rural water service providers, the RWSN-REACH 100 Million Initiative is proceeding to a second round of data collection, and inviting rural water service providers to submit a sample of service data from part of their operations for the period of one quarter of a year. This sample data will be used to identify rural water service providers who are able to provide sufficient data quality to participate in results-based funding arrangements that funders could establish. This process will also be used to help potential donors understand the size and scale of service providers who may be ready for results-based funding.

Technology Applicability Framework (TAF) & Technology Introduction Process (TIP)

Project start: 2011 • Project finished:
Collaborators: Skat Foundation, WaterAid, GIZ. The WASHTech consortium consisted of IRC WASH, WaterAid, Cranfield University, Skat Foundation, WSA, TREND, KNUST and NETWAS
Funder: Currently un-funded


The TAF is a tried-and-tested way of helping organisations improve their understanding of whether a technology that is designed to tackle a Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) problem will work in a particular context. This improved understanding can be used to support decisions on:

1. Whether or not to invest or support the introduction of Technology X in Context Y
2. Whether or not to continue to invest, support or approve the introduction of Technology X in Context Y
3. Is Technology X ready to scale-up? And what are context-sensitive factors that may play a major role in the success or failure of widespread promotion and uptake?

Although the TAF was developed for WASH technologies, it can be used for any type of technology or product, and has been adapted by others for renewable energy technologies.

Technological Innovations for Rural Water Supply in Low-resource Settings CHALLENGES OF RURAL WATER SUPPLY

Project start: • Project finished:
Collaborators: Aquaya Institute, Aguaconsult, ATREE, KNUST, RWSN, Skat Foundation, Safe Water Network, Water Mission
Funder: USAID


Globally, the Sustainable Development Goals (2015–2030) are driving efforts to increase water service levels, while ensuring that services are affordable and no vulnerable population is left behind. In concert with global development goals, the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) Rural Evidence and Learning for Water (REAL-Water; 2021–2026) program focuses on identifying ways to expand water access and safety in rural areas of low- and middle-income countries. Rural areas pose special challenges for water supply, as homes may be too few or too dispersed to justify the cost of installing underground pipes from a high-quality water supply source or a centralized drinking water treatment facility. As of 2020, the majority of people lacking even basic water services (i.e., water from a protected source requiring no more than 30 minutes to collect) lived in rural areas.

Sustainability Assessment of Rural Water Service Delivery Models Findings of a Multi-Country Review

Project start: 2016 • Project finished: 2017
Collaborators: The World Bank, Aguaconsult, IRC
Funder: The World Bank


Failure by governments and development partners to ensure sustained access to basic water supplies in rural areas is, to a large extent, the result of inadequate investment to deliver infrastructure where needed. It is also the result of a failure to ensure that infrastructure, once in place, continues to effectively provide the expected services over time.
Impressive gains from the Millennium Development Goal (MDG) era remain fragile and at risk, with various empirical studies indicating that 30 percent to 40 percent of rural water infrastructure is not functioning or functions below expected service levels (RWSN 2010).

Stop the Rot! A project in action research and catalysing action to ensure the quality of water lifting technologies for drinking water in sub–Saharan Africa.

Project start: 2021 • Project finished: 2022
Collaborators: Ask for Water GmbH, Skat Foundation
Funder: Waterloo Foundation


The Challenge

1) Premature corrosion and failure of water supply hardware, such as handpumps, is widespread across Sub-Saharan Africa, but evidence is limited and largely anecdotal.
2) For tens of millions of Africans who depend on handpumps for their daily water needs, these failures threaten their health and livelihoods.
3) Despite millions of dollars wasted on poor quality hardware, there seems to be a lack of interest among key international donors and other development partners that fund rural water supply services to engage in the problem of variable handpump quality.

This new RWSN initiative by Skat Foundation and Ask for Water GmbH strives to find ways in which key stakeholders can ensure that handpump technologies and spare parts that are installed for drinking water in sub-Saharan Africa are consistently of high quality and can last

SIRWASH: Sustainable and Innovative Rural Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Servicios sostenibles e innovadores de Agua, Saneamiento e Higiene en zonas rurales – SIRWASH

Project start: 2020 • Project finished: 2024
Collaborators: IDB, SuSanA
Funder: SDC


The general objective of the SIRWASH programme is to improve enabling policy, innovation and knowledge exchange environments and to foster the necessary capacities to deliver quality WASH services to rural communities with a particular focus on vulnerable and disadvantaged people.

In 2023, RWSN is collaborating with the Inter American Development Bank (IDB) and the Sustainable Sanitation Alliance (SuSanA) to share good practices an experiences within Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) and encourage South-South exchange on rural WASH with practitioners in Africa and Asia.

Join us for the #SIRWASH Webinar 1: Regional and National Monitoring of Rural WASH
Mark your calendars for October 4, 2023, at 16:00 (CEST) / 10:00 (EST) / 14:00 (GMT)

This is the first event of the webinar series of the SIRWASH Programme (Sustainable and Innovative Rural Water, Sanitation and Hygiene)

The event will be multilingual, with simultaneous translation into EN, FR, PT, and SP.

We will be joined by an esteemed lineup of partners and organizations:
-Inter-American Development Bank with the support of Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation
-Asian Development Bank (ADB)
-African Development Bank Group
-Water For People
-RWSN - Rural Water Supply Network / Skat Foundation

Safe Water: monitoring, data and decisions Une eau potable gérée en toute sécurité: surveillance, données, décisions

Project start: 2019 • Project finished: -
Collaborators: University of North Carolina, RWSN


New partnership between RWSN and The Water Institute of UNC
Nouveau partenariat entre RWSN et le Water Institute à UNC Chapel Hill

We are excited to announce a new partnership between RWSN and The Water Institute at UNC Chapel Hill. This partnership will leverage the RWSN platform and The Water Institute’s expertise in water quality and management to bring up-to-date evidence and methods to the members of the network. As a new Topic Leader in Mapping and Monitoring,

The Water Institute aims to bring evidence and practice closer by facilitating lively discussion and producing practical guidance on Safely Managed Water. The new partnership will begin in 2019, so look out for The Water Institute’s new weekly Mapping Monday posts in the RWSN Mapping and Monitoring online community in the New Year!

Nous sommes ravis d'annoncer un nouveau partenariat entre RWSN et le Water Institute à UNC Chapel Hill. Ce partenariat s’appuiera sur la plateforme RWSN et sur l’expertise du Water Institute en matière de qualité et de gestion de l’eau pour apporter des données et des méthodes scientifiques de pointe aux membres du réseau. En tant que nouveau responsable du Thème cartographie et de surveillance, The Water Institute a pour objectif de rapprocher la science et les pratique en facilitant une discussion animée et en produisant des conseils pratiques sur une eau gérée de manière sûre. Le nouveau partenariat débutera en 2019, alors ne manquez pas les nouveaux articles hebdomadaires intitulés Mapping Monday du Water Institute dans la communauté en ligne RWSN dédiée à la cartographie et au suivi !

RWSN Webinar early series, May- Jun 2023 RWSN Webinar early series, May- Jun 2023

Project start: 2023 • Project finished: 2023
Funder: Skat Foundation (Sufosec Alliance), the Waterloo Foundation


Source of presentations and recordings of the Early 2023 RWSN Webinar series

This year we will host our first webinar series of 4 webinar between 30 May and 27 June. Please see the titles and dates of the webinars below
• 30 May – Opportunities and Challenges of Government-led SDG 6.1 monitoring in Fragile and Conflict-Affected States (Leave no one behind and Data for Action Themes)
• 6 June – Stop the rot - Handpump Upgrade…to Be, or Not to Be? (Design Outreach/Waterloo Foundation/Sustainable Groundwater Development Theme)
• 20 June – Water for food, for drinking, and for rural development - examples at scale (Self Supply Theme)
• 27 June – Customary water tenure 1 (MUS Theme and IYRP group)

Links for registration below

Source des présentations et des enregistrements de la série de webinaires RWSN Early 2023.

Cette année, nous organiserons notre première série de 4 webinaires entre le 30 mai et le 27 juin. Veuillez consulter les titres et les dates des webinaires ci-dessous

- 30 mai - Opportunités et défis du suivi de l'ODD 6.1 mené par le gouvernement dans les États fragiles et touchés par un conflit (ne laisser personne de côté et thèmes des données pour l'action)
- 6 juin - Halte aux dégradation - Amélioration des pompes à main... à faire ou à ne pas faire ? (Design Outreach/Waterloo Foundation/Thème du développement durable des eaux souterraines)
- 20 juin - L'eau pour l'alimentation, la boisson et le développement rural - exemples à l'échelle (thème de l'auto-approvisionnement)
- 27 juin - Tenure coutumière de l'eau 1 (Thème MUS et groupe IYRP)

Liens pour s'inscrire ci-dessous

RWSN Strategy/Stratégie 2024-2030 Public Consultation open until 30 November / Consultation publique jusqu'au 30 novembre

Project start: 2024 • Project finished: 2030


The Rural Water Supply Network (RWSN) is the only global network dedicated to supporting rural water professionals as they strive to ensure universal access to safe, affordable water for drinking and livelihoods. This Strategy sets out the Vision, Mission and Aims of the network up to 2030. We summarise the main trends, challenges and opportunities, and how we as a network can make a strategically significant contribution to the Sustainable Development Goals and Human Right to Water. Based on our three pillars of strength, this strategy sets out our Theory of Change, structure, perspectives and thematic priorities and around which members can use our network to collaborate, share, learn and improve. This document is also an invitation to be part of a global movement to achieve and sustain universal access to safe drinking water, and to contribute to broader goals of rural development and poverty eradication.

Le réseau rural d'approvisionnement en eau (RWSN) est le seul réseau mondial dédié au soutien des professionnels de l'eau en milieu rural qui s'efforcent d'assurer un accès universel à une eau saine et abordable pour la consommation et les moyens de subsistance. Cette stratégie définit la vision, la mission et les objectifs du réseau à l'horizon 2030. Nous résumons les principales tendances, les défis et les opportunités, et la manière dont nous pouvons, en tant que réseau, apporter une contribution stratégique significative aux objectifs de développement durable et au droit de l'homme à l'eau. Fondée sur nos trois piliers, cette stratégie définit notre théorie du changement, notre structure, nos perspectives et nos priorités thématiques, autour desquelles les membres peuvent utiliser notre réseau pour collaborer, partager, apprendre et s'améliorer. Ce document est également une invitation à faire partie d'un mouvement mondial visant à atteindre et à maintenir l'accès universel à l'eau potable, et à contribuer aux objectifs plus larges du développement rural et de l'éradication de la pauvreté.

RWSN Publications - now on Practical Answers RWSN Publications - maintenant sur Practical Answers

Project start: 2018 • Project finished:
Collaborators: RWSN, Practical Action
Funder: SDC


To help rural water professionals get access to the inform they need, RWSN has teamed up with Practical Action to make some of our leading publications available on the Practical Answers website and mobile App.

Let is know if there are any particular resources or publications that you would like to have on this platform.

Pour aider les professionnels de l’eau en milieu rural à accéder aux informations dont ils ont besoin, le RWSN s’est associé à Practical Action pour rendre certaines de nos principales publications disponibles sur le site Web de Practical Answers et l’application mobile.

Indiquez s'il existe des ressources ou des publications particulières que vous aimeriez avoir sur cette plate-forme.

RWSN Early Webinar Series 2022 Série de webinaires RWSN 2022

Project start: 2022 • Project finished: 2022
Funder: SDC, Skat Foundation, Design Outreach, Waterloo Foundation and contributions from Theme Leaders and presenters


Greetings /Bonjour (message en français plus bas ),

Mark your calendars! RWSN is delighted to announce its 2022 early series of 6 webinars (on-line seminars), running from April 5th until June 28th, in Englis and/or French

5 Apr - Policy influence for ultra-deep reaching hand pumps (Sponsored by Design Outreach)
26 Apr - Stop the Rot: Taking action to prevent the use of poor quality handpumps (Sponsored by Waterloo Foundation)
31 May - Self-supply hotspots: the case of Bangladesh
7 Jun - Pastoralist water management and rights
21 Jun - Embedding solar pumping best practices
28 Jun - Service delivery models for rural water supply

Series Sponsor: Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC)

REAL-Water Rural Evidence and Learning for Water / Attestation et Apprentissage Ruraux pour L'Eau

Project start: 2021 • Project finished: 2026
Collaborators: Aguaconsult, WELL Labs, KNUST, Safe Water for Network, Water Mission, RWSN
Funder: REAL-Water is supported through a $18.9 million Cooperative Agreement between USAID and The Aquaya Institute (Aquaya)


REAL-Water will support policy makers, development partners, and service providers to make strategic decisions and implement best practices for water management through implementation research. It will also ensure coordination with USAID programs contributing to the Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene (WASH) and Water Resources Management (WRM) knowledge base, in alignment with the USAID Water for the World Implementation Research Agenda.

REAL-Water is an initiative of the Center for Water Security, Sanitation and Hygiene in USAID’s Bureau for Resilience and Food Security with support from the Office for Maternal and Child Health and Nutrition in USAID’s Bureau for Global Health.


REAL-Water aidera les décideurs politiques, les partenaires de développement et les prestataires deservices à prendre des décisions stratégiques et à mettre en oeuvre les meilleures pratiques de gestion del'eau grâce à la recherche sur la mise en oeuvre. La coordination sera également assurée avec lesprogrammes de l'USAID contribuant à la base de connaissances sur l'eau, l'assainissement et l'hygiène(WASH) et la gestion des ressources en eau (WRM), conformément au programme de recherche sur la miseen oeuvre de l'eau pour le monde de l'USAID.

REAL-Water est une initiative du Centre pour la sécurité de l'eau, l'assainissement et l'hygiène du Bureaupour la résilience et la sécurité alimentaire de l'USAID, avec le soutien du Bureau de la santé maternelle etinfantile et de la nutrition au sein du Bureau de la santé mondiale de l'USAID.

REACH: Improving water security for the poor A global research programme to improve water security for millions of poor people in Asia and Africa.

Project start: 2015 • Project finished: 2022
Collaborators: Oxford University, UNICEF, Water and Land Resource Centre, Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology, icddr,b, University of Dhaka, University of Nairobi, IFPRI, IWA, RWSN, IRC.
Funder: DFID


REACH is a seven-year, global programme of research (2015-2022) led by Oxford University and funded by the UK Department for International Development (DFID) that aims to improve water security for over 5 million poor people by 2022.

As a Research into Action partner, the Rural Water Supply Network will support the design and implementation of the programme’s communications strategy, supporting the uptake of the research findings and ensuring that they translate into positive policy and practice outcomes.

Professionalising Manual Drilling UNICEF, Skat Foundation

Project start: 2013 • Project finished: 2014
Collaborators: UNICEF, Skat Foundation
Funder: UNICEF, Skat Foundation


Building and supporting local enterprises to develop markets and undertake manual drilling in a professional manner.

New Book: Self-supply - Filling the gaps in public water supply provision

Project start: 2021 • Project finished:
Collaborators: Dr Sally Sutton (Ind), Dr John Butterworth (IRC), Practical Action Publishing
Funder: IRC, SWL Consultants

Myths of Rural Water Supply Learning from past failures, building on successes

Project start: 2010 • Project finished:
Collaborators: UNICEF, Skat, WaterAid, Water & Sanitation Program, African Development Bank, Swiss Development Cooperation


Ensuring that rural dwellers around the world do not have to walk for hours to collect sufficient and safe drinking water is a huge challenge. In 2010, RWSN published "Myths of the Rural Water Supply Sector" which raises issues for those of us who are involved in trying to improve rural water supplies, whether as donor, Government or NGO; program manager or practitioner. It takes a hard look at our limited achievements, points to areas where our approaches need to be radically improved and sets some challenges.

Lifelong Learning Strategy / Stratégie d'apprentissage tout au long de la vie Estrategia de formación continua / Estratégia de aprendizagem ao longo da vida

Project start: 2022 • Project finished: 2030
Collaborators: RWSN
Funder: Open to new partnerships


RWSN is a global network of rural water supply professionals and organisations committed to improving their knowledge, competence and professionalism, to fulfil RWSN’s vision of sustainable rural water services for all. Both individuals and organisations participate in the network.
This strategy presents ways in which the network can continue to create and grow value in the coming 5-10 years:
1. Connect those seeking specialist training and mentoring with those who can provide that support.
2. Build partnerships to identify and fill thematic gaps in capacity development of rural water supply professionals and organisations, at global and regional levels.
3. Act as a broker to support scaling-up of ideas and organisations through training, mentoring, coaching and match-making between potential partners.
4. Providing value for money and easy-to-use, transparent procurement options so that RWSN achieves full cost recovery for providing these services.

We are inviting feedback on our draft Lifelong Learning Strategy

Le RWSN est un réseau mondial de professionnels et d'organisations du secteur de l'approvisionnement en eau en milieu rural qui s'engagent à améliorer leurs connaissances, leurs compétences et leur professionnalisme, afin de concrétiser la vision du RWSN de services d'eau durables pour tous en milieu rural. Tant les individus que les organisations participent au réseau.
Cette stratégie présente les moyens par lesquels le réseau peut continuer à créer et à accroître sa valeur dans les 5 à 10 prochaines années :
1. Connecter ceux qui recherchent une formation spécialisée et un mentorat avec ceux qui peuvent fournir ce soutien.
2. Construire des partenariats pour identifier et combler les lacunes thématiques dans le développement des capacités des professionnels et des organisations de l'approvisionnement en eau en milieu rural, aux niveaux mondial et régional.
3. Agir en tant que courtier pour soutenir la mise à l'échelle des idées et des organisations par le biais de la formation, du mentorat, du coaching et de la mise en relation entre partenaires potentiels.
4. Fournir un bon rapport qualité-prix et des options d'approvisionnement faciles à utiliser et transparentes, afin que le RWSN parvienne à un recouvrement total des coûts pour la fourniture de ces services.

Nous vous invitons à nous faire part de vos commentaires sur notre projet de stratégie d'apprentissage tout au long de la vie

L'initiative REACH/RWSN pour 100 millions de personnes (100M) Un diagnostic global des fournisseurs de services d'eau en milieu rural pour éclairer le financement basé sur les résultats

Project start: 2020 • Project finished: 2030
Collaborators: REACH; Uptime Consortium; University of Oxford; autres partenaires
Funder: Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office (FCDO)


Suite à l'enquête de diagnostic mondial de l'Initiative 100 Millions auprès de fournisseurs de services d'eau en milieu rural, l'Initiative RWSN-REACH 100 Millions procède à un deuxième cycle de collecte de données et invite les fournisseurs de services d'eau en milieu rural à transmettre un échantillon de données de service d'une partie de leurs activités pour une période couvrant un trimestre d'une année. Cet échantillon de données sera utilisé pour identifier les fournisseurs de services d'eau en milieu rural qui sont en mesure de fournir une qualité de données suffisante pour participer à des accords de financement basé sur les résultats que des bailleurs de fonds pourraient établir. Ce processus sera également utilisé pour aider les donateurs potentiels à comprendre la taille et l'importance des fournisseurs de services qui peuvent être prêts pour un financement basé sur les résultats.

Groundwater: Making the Invisible Visible World Water Day 2022

Project start: 2022 • Project finished: 2020
Collaborators: UN-Water


Groundwater is invisible, but its impact is visible everywhere. Out of sight, under our feet, groundwater is a hidden treasure that enriches our lives. Almost all of the liquid freshwater in the world is groundwater. For rural areas it is often the safest, most reliable water resources.

As climate change gets worse, groundwater will become more and more critical. We need to work together to sustainably manage this precious resource. Groundwater may be out of sight, but it must not be out of mind.

Financial Innovations for Rural Water Supply in Low-Resource Settings

Project start: • Project finished:
Collaborators: REAL-Water consortium members: The Aquaya Institute, Aguaconsult, the Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology (KNUST), the Skat Foundation’s Rural Water Supply Network (RWSN), Safe Water Network, and Water Mission.
Funder: USAID


Millions of people in rural areas of low- and middle-income countries still lack access to basic water services. In fact, as of 2020, the majority of people without basic water services lived in rural areas. The United States Agency for International Development (USAID) Rural Evidence and Learning for Water (REAL-Water) program is working to address this issue by identifying ways to expand water access and safety in rural areas.

One of the challenges of providing rural water supply financing is that the populations are smaller, more dispersed, and poorer than their urban counterparts. This may reduce opportunities for economies of scale and complete cost recovery. To overcome these challenges, the REAL-Water program is focusing on identifying innovative and promising financing or funding mechanisms that can be used in small villages and dispersed settlements.

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