Year of Publishing
The purpose of this guidance note is to provide an overview of the important factors to consider when designing a rural water activity and information on the strengths and weaknesses of various possible service delivery models. It concludes with guidance for putting this into practice in the context of a United States Agency for International Development (USAID) activity, to be used in conjunction with Agency guidance on programming.
• Take into account that self-supply and community-based management generally fail to deliver sustained services without professionalized maintenance support.
• Think beyond the community level – service authorities and national government play an important role in the sustained delivery of rural water services.
• Design interventions to build capacity of community organizations, government, and other service providers for ongoing service delivery beyond first-time access to drinking water.
USAID (2020) Rural Water Services. Technical Brief , USAID
USAID Water and Development Technical Series: Rural Water Services
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