Year of Publishing
The survey focuses on evaluating the operation of India Mark II deepwell handpumps in rural areas with emphasis on their performance, maintenance and repair. A total number of 4,840 pump were surveyed in 1,864 village spread over 18 districts in six states (Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and Madhya Pradesh). The fieldwork was carried out between July and December 1985.
On average each pump is used by 60 households (300-350 people), varying between 41-127/
A pump is used on average for 8.4 hours per day in summer and 5-9 hours during the rest of the day.
Most handpumps (90-92%) have been accepted for drinking and cooking purposes.
UNICEF (1986) Evaluation of India Mark II handpumps in India. , UNICEF , UNICEF , New Delhi, India
Evaluation of India Mark II handpumps in India
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