Getting water to the home is one thing, making sure that it is safe to drink and to use for cooking, washing and domestic purposes is quite another.  The advantage of groundwater sources is that the water often needs little or no treatment to be safe - however, it can get contaminated. The two main intervention treatment options are:

  • Household Water Treatment
  • Centralised Water Treatment for piped systems.

Water treatment should not been looked at on its own - because it adds costs, complexity and another thing to go wrong, it is often best avoided. Therefore, the starting point should be Water Safety Planning:

Household water treatment is closely associated with the RWSN theme 'Accelerating Self Supply', however, it has its own network because this topic is so complex:

HWTS includes:

Other good resources include:

Related Resources


Compendium of Water Supply Technologies in Emergencies

The Compendium of Water Supply Technologies in Emergencies offers a comprehensive and structured planning guide on new and existing technologies for water supply operations in humanitarian settings.
The target audience includes humanitarian staff, local first responders, engineers, planners, government representatives, capacity building agencies and other WASH professionals involved in humanitarian response. Although humanitarian WASH interventions primarily focus on immediate life-saving measures and protecting public health, the humanitarian community has been increasingly confronted with longer-term protracted crises that stretch beyond an emergency response. | »

Summary of RWSN E-discussion Responding to the Current COVID-19 Crisis: Questions, Resources, and Implications for Rural Water Supply at the Operational Level Répondre à la crise COVID-19 actuelle: questions, ressources et implications pour l'approvisionnement en eau en milieu rural au niveau opérationnel

From 6 to 26 April 2020, RWSN and the Water Institute of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill ran this e-discussion organised and moderated by Michael Fisher (UNC), Nikki Behnke (UNC), Sean Furey (RWSN) and Sandra Fürst (RWSN). The present document summarizes the contributions by 42 participants received during this e-discussion. Weekly summaries were prepared by Michael Fisher (UNC), Emma Kelly (UNC), and Abby McNaughton (UNC), and form the basis of this overall summary. | »

Rural Water Supplies and Sanitation An update and compilation of research activities in support of Zimbabwe’s rural water supply and sanitation program

This handbook covers the design and construction of water supplies which are useful in the rural areas of Zimbabwe and also a range of toilet options which are also suitable. | »

SWIFT water ATMs: experience and impact in Turkana and Wajir counties of Kenya SWIFT Consortium learning brief

Working in governance and resilience-oriented WASH programming in Kenya, Oxfam has supported communities in Turkana and Wajir counties to pilot the use of pre-paid water metering systems, also called water ATMs. These ATMs improve service and accountability using technology, revolutionising the system and providing substantial benefits to both water service providers and community water users. | »

Proceedings and report from the 7th RWSN Forum (2016, Abidjan) Contributions et rapport du 7ème Forum RWSN (2016, Abidjan)

The 2016 Rural Water Supply Network Forum in Abidjan was the first global gathering to consider the practical challenge of how everyone worldwide can get access to safe, affordable water by 2030. It was also the first RWSN Forum to take place in a francophone country, in the 25 years since the creation of the network.
The Forum took place on 29 Nov - 2 Dec 2016, Abidjan, Cote d'Ivoire, and gathered 467 rural water sector practitioners from over 300 organisations from 64 countries in Africa, Asia, Americas, and Europe, in a bilingual (English/French) four day event. It was opened by the Prime Minister of Côte d’Ivoire, Mr Daniel Kaplan Duncan. We were joined by HE State Minster James Dengchol Tot, Minister of Water, Irrigation and Electricity of Ethiopia, as well as a delegation from AMCOW.

Le Forum du Rural Water Supply Network 2016 à Abidjan était le premier évènement global à considerer les défis liés à l’approvisionnement en eau potable et abordable pour tous d’ici 2030 d’un point de vue pratique. C’était également le premier à avoir lieu dans un pays francophone depuis la creation du réseau il y a 25 ans.
Le Forum a réuni 467 professionnels du secteur de l’eau rurale de 300 organisations et de 64 pays d’Afrique, Asie, Amérique, et de l’Europe, pendant 4 jours en deux langues (anglais et français). La cérémonie d’ouverture a été présidée par le Premier minister de Côte d’Ivoire, Mr Daniel Kaplan Duncan. Son Excellence le Ministre d’Etat James Dengchol Tot, Ministre de l’Eau, Irrigation et Electricité en Ethiopie, ainsi qu’une délégation de AMCOW.

The Forum proceedings compiles all peer-reviewed materials. Separate downloads and links to the films can be found at: https://rwsn7.net/content/
Le documents sur les contributions du Forum rassemble tous les articles évalués. Pour les télécharger et visualiser les films, veuillez vous référer à https://rwsn7.net/content/

The RWSN Forum report gives an overview of the Forum programme and its organisation, including the highlights from the presentations, networking events, exhibition, media coverage and synthesis.
Le rapport du Forum donne un aperçu du programme du Forum et de son organisation, y compris les points forts des présentations, des évènements de réseautage, de l'expo, de la couverture médiatique et de la synthèse. | »

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