Testing, Piloting, and Validation of the Rural Water Indicator Global Framework

Integrating core rural water service benchmarking metrics into national systems

© 2020 The World Bank • The World Bank

Project starts: 2017
Project finished:
Collaborators & Partners: The World Bank, WPDx, WaterAid, Aguaconsult, IRC
Funder: The World Bank


Globally, the proportion of people living without improved drinking water was halved between 1990 and 2010; however, inequities remain between and within countries. For example, eight out of 10 people who are still without access to improved drinking water sources live in rural areas.

Agreeing on a global core set of indicators that can be integrated into existing monitoring efforts or harnessed as a foundation for new monitoring efforts will improve the efficiency of the sector and still enable collection of locally relevant information.

Project Description

Summary of All Indicators
List of All Global Core Metrics for Rural Water Supply

HH1. Percent of households using an improved drinking water source
HH2. Percent of households that have water accessible within 30 minutes (total collection time)
HH3. Percent of households reporting sufficient water available when needed
HH4. Percent of household income dedicated towards water
HH5. Percent of households with reliable water service
HH6. Percent of households satisfied with overall water service supply

Water Point
WP1. Percent of water points at risk of E. Coli infection
WP2. Percent of functional hand pumps in geographic area
WP3. Percent of functional taps/ points of collection in geographic area

Service Provider
SP1. Percent of service providers that have carried out preventive or corrective maintenance in the last 12 months
SP2. Percent of all households in service areas using water services
SP3. Percent of service providers reporting availability of funds at the time of monitoring

Service Authority
SA1. Percent of service authorities providing support to rural water scheme operations in the last 12 months

List of All Reference Attributes
Service Provider
RHH1. Presence of a legally established service provider
RSP1. Staffing
RSP2. Chlorination
RSP3. Non-revenue water
RSP4. Tariff structure
RSP5. Financial management
RSP6. Tariff collection efficiency
RSP7. Source, catchment and water resource management
RSP8. Complaints handling mechanism

Service Authority
RSA1. Service authority capacity
RSA2. Presence of an information system


Next Steps
As a first step, the Global Core Metrics for Rural Water Supply will provide a full set of guidelines to enable Rural Water Practitioners and clients to begin collecting data in a standardized way in its projects. Moving forward, the Global Core Metrics for Rural Water Supply could provide a platform for sharing data from different sources across diverse stakeholders. This platform would be a flexible interchange, allowing data to come from different sources and able to provide data directly to other platforms. Information from different sources could be harmonized into a single data repository, using the Global Core Metrics for Rural Water Supply as a framework.
These metrics will first be piloted throughout the World Bank’s own portfolio in partnership with external stakeholders, including governments and development partners. As the global dataset grows, the Global Core Metrics for Rural Water Supply initiative could provide tailored support to enable the use of the harmonized data in planning, implementation, and monitoring efforts.

More Information

» Testing, Piloting, and Validation of the Rural Water Indicator Global Framework in the African Context (English) (2020)

» Measuring What Works in Rural Water : Toward a Set of Global Indicators (English) (2019)

» Toward a universal measure of what works on rural water supply : rural water metrics global framework (English) (2017)

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