UNICEF Madagascar has been supporting rural water supply and sanitation activities in Madagascar for over ten years. The Water, Environment and Sanitation (WES) desk of UNICEF works with Ministry of Energy and Mines (MEM), Government of Madagascar, on a number of water supply initiatives. One of these projects, in the southern part of Tulear Province (also known as the South - Sud), comprised of drilling wells and installation of 150 lndia Mark ll handpumps in the vicinity of Antanimora. This is referred to as the AAEPA Project later in this report. The installation handpumps in the AAEPA Project was completed during 1994-96 and has since then been supported by UNICEF for its operation and maintenance (O&M) with supply of spare parts. lt has gone through a number of reorganisations of its O&M system.
UNICEF Madagascar appointed Raj Kumar Daw, Project Officer - Handpump Technology Network, (PO-HTN) from UNICEF, lndia Country Office, New Delhi, for this study. The study was carried out during 5-29 July 2004.