RWSN Region • CIS

Commonwealth of Independent States


Republica Moldova



Ukraine / Україна


Related Resources


SDC Briefing Note

This Briefing Note outlines the results from more than 15 years of experience in both Tajikistan and Uzbekistan by the International Secretariat for Water (ISW) funded by the Swiss Agency for Development & Cooperation (SDC).
The note outlines the ways in which cost recovery has been been acheived and social tariffs set locally. However when it comes to scaling up there are certainly many hindering factors, not the least being the centralised structure of the States apparatus and deciding power.
It is essential to overcome political tariff challenges as there is resistance that can emerge from a heavy centralised past and the belief that at local level things cannot work properly without keeping them under central control. | »

“What is the current wisdom on the best way to manage cash reserves and to manage the risk of big CapManEx costs in the future?”

RWSN Discussion Synthesis

This document is a synthesis of an online discussion that took place in June 2014 on Dgroups (Management & Support Community) and on the "WSP-RWSN Webinar Discussions" LinkedIn group in response to the following question:

“In Tajikistan a multi-village piped water scheme is successfully collecting user fees from households. This has created a new problem: a sizable reserve. This would seem to be in line with the object of the tariff, however for covering the costs of a big item that may need replacing in the next 20 years or so this raises a challenge: there is increasing pressure to use those reserves in a more productive way (and some less productive ways) sooner. There is also the risk that inflation will mean that a good amount of money today will not be worth the same in 10-20 years when it is needed for a big capital expenditure. From WASHcost and other work, what is the current wisdom on the best way to manage reserves and to manage the risk of big CapManEx costs in the future?” | »

Guidebook for the implementation of decentralised water supply systems in Moldova

ApaSan, Swiss Water and Sanitation Project in Moldova

What is the guidebook about?
In 10 years of successful cooperation between Switzerland and Moldova, rural communities in Moldova have been supported with the construction of decentralised water supply systems. These new water supply systems use springs located close to the villages and distribute the water through a pipe network to the households of the community. The systems are managed by community based organisations, the Water
Consumer Associations (WCA). Such decentralised and community managed water supply systems have proven to be very successful in providing sustainable water supply for rural communities. This approach therefore merits wider application throughout rural Moldova. The aim of the guidebook is to make this experience available, with the hope that it is used to implement more systems that provide better and lasting water supply services for the rural population in Moldova.

DISCLAIMER: This is a non-RWSN publication and endorsement by RWSN or any of its member organisations should not be inferred. | »

Service Cooperatives - Solutions for Rural Water Supply in Ukraine

Despro Analytical Paper No.1

After the breakdown of the Soviet Union, the centralised water supply systems in rural areas in Ukraine were no longer allocated sufficient funds for their operation and maintenance. As a consequence, many of the piping systems broke down and the level of service provision was low. In rural areas many households shifted to other sources for drinking water supply. However, a lack of quality groundwater challenges those people looking for better alternatives. A new, community-based model for water supply provision and operation and maintenance was developed by DESPRO/Skat, and has been implemented in 33 communities across Ukraine. Different organisational approaches have been used for implementation, including the service cooperative approach. In this approach, the beneficiaries are extensively involved in all levels of planning, implementation, and operation and maintenance activities. It considers equity and inclusion and looks sustainable, in terms of long-term provision of services within the current legal and economic context. This approach also shows great potential to be scaled up outside the two regions.

DISCLAIMER: This is a non-RWSN publication and endorsement by RWSN or any of its member organisations should not be inferred. | »

Rural Water for All - The river may be wide, but it can be crossed

Final Report April 2012

6th World Water Forum in Marseille 2012
Target and Solutions Group 1.1.2: Sustainable Access to Safe Water for the Global Rural Population
In this report, you will learn more about the vibrant activities, as well as challenges and ideas for accelerating access to water supplies in rural areas. This work is set within the context of guaranteed access to water for all and the Human Right to Water. | »