Community and Household Water Treatment & Safe Storage

Getting water to the home is one thing, making sure that it is safe to drink and to use for cooking, washing and domestic purposes is quite another.  The advantage of groundwater sources is that the water often needs little or no treatment to be safe - however, it can get contaminated. The two main intervention treatment options are:

  • Household Water Treatment
  • Centralised Water Treatment for piped systems.

Water treatment should not been looked at on its own - because it adds costs, complexity and another thing to go wrong, it is often best avoided. Therefore, the starting point should be Water Safety Planning:

Household water treatment is closely associated with the RWSN theme 'Accelerating Self Supply', however, it has its own network because this topic is so complex:

  • International Network on Household Water Treatment and Safe Storage

Other good resources include:


Related Resources

Guidelines to Planning Sustainable Water Projects and Selecting Appropriate Technologies

Water & Sanitation Rotarian Action Group

The Wasrag Technical Guideline—Guidelines for Planning Sustainable Water Projects and Selecting Appropriate Technologies (and its companion guidelines, Guidelines for Planning Sustainable Sanitation Projects and Selecting Appropriate Technologies, and Guidelines for Selection Sustainable Health and Hygiene Programs) is the first step in this new e-learning program. This document reviews how to— evaluate sources of water supply evaluate water quality evaluate and select appropriate treatment technologies plan and construct a project monitor performance of the constructed project
The document is designed for Rotarians with basic levels of understanding of water issues, yet it will lead the reader to advanced levels of system design and operation.



DISCLAIMER: This is a non-RWSN publication and endorsement by RWSN or any of its member organisations should not be inferred. | »

Effectiveness of In-Line Chlorination of Gravity Flow Water Supply in Two Rural Communities in Panama

MSc Thesis Academic Year 2010/11

DISCLAIMER: This is a non-RWSN publication and endorsement by RWSN or any of its member organisations should not be inferred. | »

Water Safety Planning for Small Communities

Step-by-step risk management guidance for drinking-water supplies in small communities

The WSP approach is designed to help a community manage health risks that could threaten its water supply. By following the WSP approach, community members identify and prioritize health risks and, where necessary, take steps, over time,to improve the safety of the water supply using available resources. WSPs are applicable for a range of scales and levels, and in different contexts. A WSP can be developed for all existing schemes, from point sources to piped systems, as well as for new supplies. In new schemes, it should be straightforward for the supporting agency to incorporate the WSP approach into initial community mobilization and project implementation.

DISCLAIMER: This is a non-RWSN publication and endorsement by RWSN or any of its member organisations should not be inferred. | »

Technologies applied for drinking water treatment in rural communities

The application of drip chlorination, tablet chlorinators, solar disinfection technology and ceramic filter in Honduras

This report documents some of the most appropriate technologies and methodologies for drinking water disinfection used by rural communities and families in Honduras, and presents the challenges they face in securing sustainable access to safe water.

DISCLAIMER: This is a non-RWSN publication and endorsement by RWSN or any of its member organisations should not be inferred. | »

An Introduction to Self Supply - Putting the User First

Incremental improvements and private investment in rural water supply

This field note provides the reader with an introduction to self-supply. Self Supply is the improvement to house-hold or community water supply through user investment in water treatment, supply construction and up-grading, and rainwater harvesting. | »